The primary focus on the European Criminology Collection
is on German criminal law with a number of important texts on witchcraft from as early as the 15th century. One of these texts is the infamous, Malleus Malificarium
, or "Hammer of Witches," which remained for many years the standard work on witches in Germany. Its authors were the first inquisitors of heresy and witchcraft for Germany, and they composed the work as a manual for ecclesiastical judges for persecuting witches. The book provides evidence for witchcraft, rules for its discovery, and proceedings for instituting punishment. Our copy is filled with marginalia, presumably in the hand of an inquisitor, including a note about birth and dates of Martin Luther.