America Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society (Access) Papers
Table of contents
Material deposited by Richard Lapchick.
Researchers wishing to cite this collection should include the following information:
Box number, Folder number and/or title, American Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society (ACCESS) Papers, MSS 280, Special Collections, Michigan State University Main Library.
Copyright is retained by the author of the items in this archive, or their descendants, as stipulated by United States copyright law.
The American Coordinating Committee for Equality in Sport and Society (ACCESS), founded in 1976 by Richard Lapchick, was a coalition of some 30 national civil rights, political, religious, women's and sports organizations focused on the international sports boycott of South Africa. In 1978 it led a boycott of the Davis Cup tennis match between South Africa and the U.S. at Vanderbilt University. In 1981, ACCESS was involved in protests against the U.S. tour of the all-white the Springboks South African rugby team, forcing cancellation of matches in Chicago and New York. The collection comprises official papers of ACCESS as well as correspondence, news releases, flyers, and other works focusing largely on the sports boycott of South Africa, but also covering other issues such as loans. Events/themes covered include the 1981 Springbok rugby tours of New Zealand and the U.S., tennis, golf, karate, and other sport protests.
Includes correspondence and papers of other organizations, such as American Committee on Africa, the Stop Apartheid Rugby Tour, Trans Africa, and Supreme Council of Sport in Africa (SCSA) Coalition for Human Rights in South Africa, HART (Halt All Racist Tours Movement), ICARIS, SAN-ROC, and Apartheid in Sports Information Center, SACOS, and UN Centre against Apartheid. Includes original diary of Lapchick that includes his impressions of Stop the Seventy Tour meetings in the UK in 1969. Major correspondents include Richard Lapchick and John Dommisse, Abraham Ordia (SCSA), Dennis Brutus (ICARIS), Trevor Richards (HART), and M.N. Father (SACOS).
The collection is complemented by Papers of Richard Lapchick at Northeastern University. Aspects of the history of ACCESS are covered in three books by Lapchick: Broken promises: racism in American sports (New York: St. Martin's, 1984); Five minutes to midnight: race and sport in the 1990s (Lanham: Madison Books, 1991); and Smashing barriers: race and sport in the new millennium (Lanham, Md.: Madison
Books, 2001, revised edition);
Processed by Peter Limb, modified by Leslie M. Behm.
Material deposited by Richard Lapchick. Forms part of the African Activist Archive. 1 box (124 files).
Richard E. Lapchick (Diary Vol. 1).
Dolly Affair (A 1-18).
[Basil D'Oliveira, black South African cricketer]
1935 German Tour (B 1-4).
1936 Olympics (C 1 -4).
1948-68 .A & The Olympics (D 1-31).
Things to come?—Palmerston North, New Zealand. - Newspaper clippings,letter, photo of police and protestors
Lagos trip. 7977 - letters about trip plans, letter of invitation from UN
ACCESS LETTER Aug 1 - 7977 and 1976 letters for funding
In These Times Article - newspaper clippings on Arthur Ashe, ACCESS, Wimbledon Protests (the Wimbledon article appears in other folders as well)
Nazis and S.A. UN Paper - and Washington Post paper on A. Ashe and South African involvement
IACEAS Letter Jan 4, 1978.
IACEAS Letters July 29th - Announcing Lapchick 's attendance at Lagos conf.
Regional Networks - list of addresses and few responses to those in region
MacNEIL/LEHRER REPORT TRANSCRIPT. 3/17/78. - By radio station WNET — discussion on Davis Cup Tennis tournament protests
TENNIS - USTA - Letters to and from U.S. govt. officials about USTA and tennis boycotts of South Africa, commonwealth position on Sporting Contacts, newspaper clippings (Wimbledonprotests, etc...), Tennis, Anyone?
USTA Correspondence - (includes a letter from administration on Biko death dated Oct 10)
Athletes Support - Correspondence about a letter to athletes and pledge of noncompetition with South Africa
16 July 81 Rugby Mailing. - to stop Rugby tour
COSMOS/ Soviet - Russia soccer team refuses to play a U.S. team with white South African player, Wagerle
COETZEE-SNIPES - Two articles on South African boxer, Gerrie Coetzee: "Snipes is Awarded unpopular Decision, " NYT1987, "Arum bids to make room for Gerrie, " Rand Daily Mail 1981 (year?)
SART Press Conf. 28 July 81.- Stop Apartheid Rugby Tour
July 21st release to Koch. Council resolution. - on forbidding the use of New York facilities (mention South Africa effort to show softened apartheid with one black team member)
Press release 27 July 81. - on SART
Rugby Mailgranis - Messages to New York people on canceling Rugby match in 1981.
Correspondence - on Rugby tour (includes international correspondence)
Soho News - article, "Storm over Springboks," by Eric Nadler Aug 11, 1981
New York Times Article. 2 Aug 1981. - multiple copies and draft of "South Africa Rugby Tour organizer says visit gives U.S. top competition, " and "Opposition: Sports Cannot Override the Apartheid Policy, " by Lapchick and F. Williams.
Centre Against Apartheid, Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, UN. 15 May 1981 [publication not in folder] - discusses recent South African sport policy and opposition, register of Sports exchanges with South Africa (document 10 pages, annex 28 pages)
[Stop Apartheid Rugby Tour] Minutes. - July 81 (1 page 2 sided)
Lindzi Omeara — Press release on SART protest of Snipes vs. Coetzee fight, Aug 3 1981
Rugby Posters - Photos and photo copies of two rugby posters
American Committee on Africa - international papers and reports, correspondence (especially between R. Lapchick and Raphael Gould), quotes from South African press 1975-76.
ACCESS Donors 5 Aug 1977 - asking for money, especially for tennis issue
ARENA letter July 7  - announcing journal, update on publications to numerous people
ACCESS press release – and newspaper articles of 1977
South Africa: Individual Co-Sponsors. - returned journal survey and donation slips and a few letters
Lagos Conference Father-Young Correspondence. - 1977 conference; opening address by Obasanjo, pamphlets, names of participants, notes, reports, draft report, sports proposals, and letter to Andrew Young on sport policy in South Africa.
ACCESS Action Guide Letters June 3, 1977.
Coalition letter, June 8, 1977.
ACCESS letter, June 15th
ACCESS: Coalition Mailing July 15, 1977.
ACCESS: Press Release on Aug. 2nd Conference.
Mailing— Sept 22, 1977.
Coalition Mailing 26 July 1977.
ACCESS Mailing 3/31/78
ACCESS Mailing Feb 2 1978
Mailing -Jan 13th
Dec 18th Action Alert - and newspaper article Dec 13, 1977 "South Africa's Tougher Race Policy Complicates Its Situation in Sports" NYT
ACCESS Mailing Nov 30th
ACCESS Mailing Davis Cup, Nov 14
ACCESS 21 Oct Mailing
I.H. Mauss and Evelyn A. Mauss Jan 25 1978 [postcard not in folder]
General Records - Many copies from other folders, some newspaper clippings, meeting notes and press releases, papers/letters from churches asked for funding or affiliation
IACEAS Letter July 11, 1977.
SALTU [South Africa Lawn Tennis Union] on Sports Changes
Action Guide on South Africa, Revised Edition [not in folder]
ACCESS Background Paper
ACCESS Network and Press Release (# 1) 2
Coalition Meeting 25 May 1977.
Press Conference May 25th - and some other files
Sports Meeting Lagos. —Address by HART chair, Trevor Richards (20 April 1977), Lapchick article, " Why Tennis and the South African Sports Boycott?", copies of newspaper clippings on tennis and materials of HART, correspondence with people in Africa about the conference, UN summary of Special Committee Against Apartheid, 1 June 1977
South Africa: Co-Sponsoring Groups - 7977 Correspondence on joining ACCESS, letters to churches, from SASM and American Black Lawyers, Americans for Democratic Action, Women's international league for peace and reconciliation, and American Committee on Africa
South African Boycott - more correspondence of participation of different organizations in the boycott
South Africa: International Commission to End Apartheid Sport. - Some articles on New Zealand, correspondence on conference from different countries (a packet of letters stapled together includes letters from Ireland AAM and World Tug of War Statement on South African sport)
Coalition for Human Rights in South Africa - some correspondence
HART [The Halt All Racist Tours Movement] - Correspondence, clippings from Australia and New Zealand, etc... newspapers, on various sports, notes on organizing an International campaign, Aug 77 UN Centre Against Apartheid notes and documents on apartheid sports by Trevor Richards (also includes an article from the World Gliding magazine)
UN Treaty Against Apartheid - Correspondence, statements and notes of UN meetings and actions, press releases, reports and notes of ad hoc committee on drafting an international convention against apartheid in sports, also includes a letter from the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and two sheets of information on Peter Davis film "Laager"
Special UN Docs - a publication of resolutions adopted by the General Assembly, letter from special committee on apartheid appealing for action against South Africa, Centre Against Apartheid notes and documents from Nov 1977 conference, briefing of Hamman (or Harriman?) meeting with Moroccan Tennis official
Targets - news clippings and a couple of letters on sports and athletes/teams to target in boycotting efforts (note from Bob Baker mentioning Steve Biko Rally and Memorial committee he and Dennis put together at his law school in CA – Palo Alto)
Ordia— Supreme Council of Sport in Africa - newspaper clippings, Southern Africa Lawn Tennis Union report 1976, SAN-ROC Focus on Apartheid pamphlet, statement to Western Province Cycling Union, SACOS conference Oct 1975 program, reports and resolutions, SAN-ROC newsletter, Press statements/and messages from Abraham Ordia on Tennis/Davis Cup.
SA New Sports Policy - newspaper clippings on new South Africa policy, Lapchick's injuries and Davis Cup (Peter Lamb)
Forest Hills - newspaper clippings, letter from Cary Goodman, press releases, flyer for demonstration, COBLSA - bank divestment information flyers
Apartheid Conference [Dennis Brutus] - March 12, 1978 ICARIS and Meharry Medical College conference statement, correspondence and announcements on the conference and Davis Cup match protests
Vol 1, no 2 Journal correspondence, originals. - Correspondence on articles appearing in Journals
South Africa: Harry and Dennis (Harry Edwards and Dennis Brutus) - Correspondence on international conference, ARENA journal, strategies for campaigns and involvement in organizations
GLENEAGLES, other Int'l Documents. - Rules of lLTF (1977), Commonwealth Declaration on Sport contacts with South Africa, Sports Proposals, commission report of the World Conference for Action Against Apartheid, UN press release, correspondence with Japan Anti-apartheid committee, conference papers and newspaper article "Telling it How it Isn’t" by Richard Thompson
1978: Letter writing Campaign [?] - Copies of letters written by others to lobby for boycotts, protests against South Africa sports policy and apartheid, Suggested Agenda for January 16, 1978 meeting of People's Committee for the Freedom of Southern Africa, reply from Department of State and a couple other replies, letter from Lila (handwritten) with contact leads, meeting minutes (working committee of Dec 7, 1977), ACCESS letters
China and the Olympics.
[Albany NY, 1981]: Blind Justice v. 11 no. 3 Oct. 1981 (re Springbok match 22 Sept. 1981, Albany); Stop the Apartheid Rugby Tour (SART) Report to SART Steering Committee by Geoffrey Smith re legal defense of protestors arrested in New York (4 pp.); flyers: "Defend the Albany 9!", "Coalition to Defend Albany 9" (two versions)
New York Times 22, 25, 26 May 1978: clippings on South Africa
SART: Final Press Release, ERU program: The Colonials [Eastern Rugby Union of America: annotated photocopy); Christchurch Star 15 June 1977 clipping on Gleneagles; Commonwealth Communique on South Africa 1977 (Gleneagles, extracts); SART release 26 Sept. f 981; R. Lapchick CV; offprint of R. Lapchick, "South Africa: Sport and Apartheid Politics" Annals AAPSS 445, Sept 1979.
Aug 16 1981: SART: Muldergate
SART: Muldergate news release; correspondence between William Fahy, Mystic River Rugby Club, and G.T. Selfridge, President, Eastern Rugby Union 22, 26 June 1981 re Springbok tour, and ERU circular re: tour (copies).
Craig Howard, Interfaith Center on Corporate Responsibility, "An Analysis of U.S. Trade with South Africa and the Role of U.S. Banks" (6, 5 pp.);
Dennis Brutus, SART Chicago to SART , handwritten on SART flyer;
Richard Lapchick: photographs
Black and white photograph (10x8 inches) "OAU Press Conference" 14 April 1983, New York, with portraits of R. Lapchick, Seydou Traore, Mustafa Sam, and Enuga Reddy of the UN (UN Photo 161,342); Black and white photograph (5x7 inches) of R. Lapchick (2 copies)
"Film Proposal: The Afro-American Spiritual Returns to the Motherland" (4 pp); Chet Washington, President, Paul Robeson Productions to R. Lapchick 22 Oct. 1982, handwritten note re budget for African tour.Daniel Rosenberg, "Paul Robeson in the Era of Reaganism" New World Review July-August 1982 (copy);
"Some Good Reasons for Sponsoring an African Sports Competition" (Promovision), kit re: ECOWAS Games of 1983;
John Dommisse (ACCESS Secretary) to Netherlands Ambassador to the UN 3 December 1979 re Dutch exclusion of South Africa from Paraplegic Olympics;
Davey Moore Petitions
Original petitions urging Davey Moore not to box in South Africa
Correspondence re: cancellation of Angolan National Basketball team tour, September 1983;
Correspondence and notes of Emergency Committee for African Refugees November-December 1982;
Press Cuttings S.A.
Press cuttings mainly from NY Times, Boston Globe, and Voice on South Africa and Africa, 1981-3.
VitaeCurriculum vitae of R. Lapchick.
SAN-ROC [South African Non-Racial Olympic Committee] correspondence
Handwritten note from Dennis Brutus, SAN-ROC to Rich [Lapchick] n.d.;
Sam Ramsamy, SAN-ROC to UN Special Committee against Apartheid, 8 February 1980;
Supreme Council for Sport in Africa
Abraham Ordia, President of Supreme Council of Sport in Africa, to President Julius Nyerere of Tanzania 6 April 1980;
E. Mvouma Supreme Council for Sport in Africa to R. Lapchick 9 April 1980;
"Bro" [Ron Davis?], Maputo to "Dear Brother" [R. Lapchick], 16 July 1981;
Mary Lou Swift to NBC Sports 12 October 1979 re: Tate-Coetzee fight;
'DearBro' 25 May 1981, 28 August 1981;letters of R. Lapchick, 15 October to: Ann Sheffield (Wilson Center; Lamine Ba (SCSA); Pauline McKay (HART); M. N. Father, and Morgan Naidoo (SACOS); J. Jele (ANC); Antoine Bouillon (MAM); Tom Newnham (CARE (NZ); A.Y. Maitama-Sule (Ambassador of Nigeria)
Two publications by Richard Lapchick: i) Apartheid sport and South Africa's foreign policy, volume 6 of: International Seminar on the Eradication of Apartheid and in Support of the Struggle for Liberation in South Africa, Havana, Republic of Cuba, 24-28 May 1976 (New York: United Nations Centre against Apartheid, 1976); ii) Sports boycott in the international campaign against apartheid (New York: United Nations Centre Against Apartheid, February 1977; Notes & Documents; 4/77).
News Release Paper: Massachusetts Citizens against Apartheid, release [Sept. 1979?} on Herbert Muhammad's refusal to box in South Africa
Military Exports to South Africa - A Research Report on the Arms Embargo by NARMIC, January 1984. 23 pp.
Davis Cup 1977
S.A. Black Tennis Foundation - Ashe: copies of: Black Tennis Foundation General Report, 1976, Black Tennis Foundation letter to Arthur Ashe, 8 January 1976, and other material about Black Tennis Foundation,
ACCESS brochure [multiple copies]: Tennis anyone? The US Tennis Association supports South African apartheid sport [ca. 1978-80?] File tab heading deleted: '1998 Suntrust.'
Current Sacos: SACOS Bulletin vol. 1 no. 6 Sept/Oct. 1983; SACOS Executive Committee.
London Sports Declaration: reprinted from Continental Sports no.16/17 July/Sept. 1983.2pp.
Apartheid Speech: includes: notes; 1984 press clippings; Welsh Anti-Apartheid Movement notes and draft leaflets; various flyers from Chicago, New York, etc.
UN North American mtg.
Apartheid in Sports Information Center: letters of 3 November 1983 by R. Lapchick (ACESS) to various African ambassadors and OAU re: sports sanctions; and a release on a proposed Apartheid in Sports Information Center
Centre Against Apartheid, Department of Political and Security Council Affairs, UN. February-June 1976, [publication not in folder].
SACOS Correspondence [1980/81]: correspondents include: MN Father (SACOS)/HART; Richard Lapchick; John Dommisse/UK Foreign Office; S. Parenezee, SA Netball Union; Transvaal Council of Sport; International Tennis Federation; press clippings;
Cables & Letters Access
Churches & SA: single item: Leon Howell, "South Africa and the Attack on the Churches" Washington Notes on Africa 1983
SA: Bulletin: Bulletin of Developments in South Africa (Committee Services and Research Branch, Centre against Apartheid, PSCA): no. 17, May 1983, no. 18, June 1983, no. 21 Sept. 1983, no. 23 Nov. 1983.
CUEVAS / VOLBRECHT.
Mailing 23 July 80 Golf: ACCESS & correspondence (18 June, 9, 23 July, 1980 re: golf World Cup in Colombia, and protests at Eisenhower Cup Golf Tournament, Pinehurst, North Carolina), maps, mailing list.
July 9, 1980 Mailing: ACCESS correspondence (16, 26 June, 9, 11 July 1980 re: golf World Cup in Colombia, and protests at Eisenhower Cup Golf Tournament, Pinehurst, North Carolina),
[ACCESS membership letter] 6 June 1981, with copies of recent ACCESS actions.
ACCESS: typescript of Franklin Williams broadcast, 12 October 1979 re: South African boxer Gerrie Coetzee; ACESS urgent action letter on Gerrie Coetzee.
Copies of Amandla (HART, New Zealand) July-Sept., Oct.-Dec., Dec. 1979;
Copies of letters re: sport/apartheid to Trevor Richards, HART New Zealand--: Trevor Richards, HART New Zealand to World Council of Churches, n.d.; Trevor Richards, HART New Zealand to Richard [Lapchick] re: International Coordinating Centre against Apartheid in Sports, 6 May 1980; Letters and flyers 1979/80, re: British Lions rugby tour of South Africa: includes copy of letter from Hector Munro, UK Dept. of the Environment to Sam Ramsamy, 14 Sept. 1979; releases and flyers on same by Irish Anti-Apartheid Movement, 5 March 1980;
Letter of John Dommisse ACCESS to President Houphouet-Boigny 27 Feb. 1980 (copy);
[ACCESS flyer re: Gerrie Coetzee fight], October 1979?; ICARIS releases/letters on 1980 Olympics, signed D. Brutus; other ICARIS/Dennis Brutus letters of 1979/80 on Lake Placid Games and use of prison facilities, NBC TV; cables;
Oct 80 Mailing: releases re: golf and boxing campaigns, 15 Oct. 1980.
Press Release 24 Sept 80 CBS Weaver - Coetzee (boxing and apartheid)
Mailing 22 Sept 80 Weaver - Coetzee (boxing and apartheid)
Press Release 12 Sept 80 re Golf and South Africa: includes ACCESS action alerts/releases of 11 and 12 Sept. 1980; letters to R. Lapchick ACCESS from US Golf Association 25 Aug. 1980, Dept. of State 25 July 1980, and mailgram (28 Aug. 1980) and letter to President Carter (8 Sept. 1980) by R. Lapchick.
Mailing 11 Sept 80 Golf (2 copies): includes copies of correspondence from US Dept. of State and US Golf Association.