Michigan State University

Digital Collections: School Gardens Collection

Gardening as part of the school curriculum began in the United States in the early 1900s and is still thriving today. Magazine articles, education and extension bulletins were written to support the growing of food and the responsibility of gardening for children. At the advent of World War I, the US Bureau of Education with funding from the War Department created the United States School Garden Army (USSGA) to boost the concept as well as morale. The target audience was urban and suburban boys and girls, ages 9 through 15, and their teachers. This was one of the first attempts by the BOE to establish a curriculum nationally. It was also an attempt to help in the war effort by having the schools help grow food. To support this program a series of documents were written and distributed. Among these were the USSGA Manuals and Guides, and 17 School Home-Garden Circulars. The subjects covered growing vegetables from seed, growing flowers, building hotbeds and coldframes, organic matter and soil health, regional guides and others. As well as primary sources of gardening information from 1919, these guides are still applicable to the teachers, parents and gardeners of today. --Suzi Teghtmeyer, Agriculture, Botany and Forestry Librarian

Title:
A course in vegetable gardening for teachers
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, Dept. of Interior, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-gardening circular 2
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A few good books and bulletins on nature study, school gardening, and elementary agriculture for common schools
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : United States Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations, 1903
Description:
Pubilshed as Circular (United States. Office of Experiment Stations) no. 52
Author:
Crosby, D. J.
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A German common school with a garden
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : United States Dept. of Agriculture, Office of Experiment Stations, 1899
Description:
Published as Circular (United States. Office of Experiment Stations) no. 42
Author:
Smith, C. B.
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A manual for school-supervised gardening for the northeastern states - Part 2: Flowers
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 14
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A manual of school-supervised gardening for the northeastern states - Part 1: Vegetables
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 13
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A manual of school-supervised gardening for the Western States
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1920
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 1
Author:
Stebbins, Cyril A. (Cyril Adelbert), b. 1878
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
A suggestive schedule for the home-garden work in the south
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 10
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Agricultural education, including nature-study and school gardens
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 1907
Description:
Published as Bulletin (United States. Bureau of Education) 1907, no. 2
Author:
Jewell, James Ralph
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Courses in school-supervised gardening for the northeastern states
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 2
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Cycles of garden life and plant life : a series of projects in nature study for elementary schools
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : G.P.O., 1925
Description:
Published as Bulletin (United States. Bureau of Education) 1925, no. 15
Author:
Fox, Florence C., 1861-1933
Format(s):
Title:
Fall manual of the United States School Garden Army
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1918
Description:
Pubished as United States School Garden Army manual no. 4
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Flower growing for school children in the elementary grades
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1917
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular no. 14
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Forty lessons in gardening for the northeastern states
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 10
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Garden manual for the southwestern region
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
United States school garden army manual no. 9
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Garden projects in seed planting
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home garden circular no. 13
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Home gardening for city children of the fifth, sixth, and seventh grades
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 15
Author:
Gowans, Ethel
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Home gardening for town children
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : United States School Garden Army, Dept. of the Interior, 1919
Description:
Published as School garden army leaflet no. 1, United States School Garden Army manual no. 3
Author:
Claxton, P. P. (Philander Priestly), 1862-1957
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Home gardening for town children
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1917
Description:
Published as School home garden circular no. 16
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Hotbeds and coldframes for home gardens
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 5
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
How to make garden soil more productive
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 7
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Instructions for school supervised home gardens
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1915
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 1
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Lessons in gardening for southwestern region
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States school garden army manual no. 11
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Lessons in gardening for the central states region
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Publiished as Garden manual no. 2
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Lessons in gardening for the central states region
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as Garden manual no. 1
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Lessons in school-supervised gardening for the Southeastern States : vegetables
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as Garden manual, United States School Garden Army manual no. 12
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
List of publications for the use of school home-garden teachers
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 11
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Nature study and gardening for rural schools
Publisher:
Tuskegee Institute, Ala. : Experiment Station, Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute, 1910
Description:
Published as Bulletin (Tuskegee Institute. Experiment Station) no. 18
Author:
Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943; Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute. Experiment Station
Format(s):
Title:
Nature's garden for victory and peace
Publisher:
[Tuskegee] : Tuskegee Institute, 1942
Description:
Published as Bulletin (Tuskegee Institute. Agricultural Research Experiment Station) no. 43
Author:
Carver, George Washington, 1864?-1943
Format(s):
Title:
Nature-study and gardening
Publisher:
Ithaca, N.Y. : Comstock Publishing Co., 1923
Description:
Published in Nature-study review 19(5), p. 194-198
Author:
Vinal, William Gould, 1881-1973
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Organic matter for the home gardens
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1915
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 4
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Part played by the leaf in the production of a crop
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1915
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 9
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Part played by the root in the production of a crop
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1917
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular no. 15
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Planting the garden
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 8
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Possibilities for school-directed home gardening in Atlanta, Georgia
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1917
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular no. 17
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Raising vegetable plants from seed
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1916
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 6
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
School garden in the course of study
Publisher:
Berkeley, Calif. : University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1911
Description:
Published as Circular (California Agricultural Experiment Station) no. 62
Author:
Babcock, E. B. (Ernest Brown), 1877-1954; Stebbins, Cyril A. (Cyril Adelbert), b. 1878
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
School gardens
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1899
Description:
Published in Education report, 1898-99, p. 1067-1084
Author:
Gang, E.
Format(s):
Title:
School gardens : a report upon some cooperative work with the normal schools of Washington, with notes on school-garden methods followed in other American
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1905
Description:
Published as Bulletin (United States. Office of Experiment Stations) no. 160
Author:
Galloway, B. T.
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
School home garden results of 1916
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1917
Description:
Published as School home garden circular no. 12
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
School supervised gardening in New Hampshire
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : United States School Garden Army, Dept. of the Interior, 1919
Description:
Published as School Garden Army leaflet 93, United States School Garden Army manual no. 6
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Some types of children's garden work
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1912
Description:
Published as Bulletin (United States. Office of Experiment Stations) 252
Author:
Sipe, Susan Bender
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
Suggestions for garden work in California schools
Publisher:
Berkeley, Calif. : University of California, College of Agriculture, Agricultural Experiment Station, 1909
Description:
Published as Circular (California Agricultural Experiment Station) no. 46
Author:
Babcock, E. B. (Ernest Brown), 1877-1954
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
The need for gardening as an intermediate grade subject in city schools
Publisher:
Ithaca, N.Y. : Comstock Publishing Co., 1923
Description:
Published in Nature-study review 19(2), p. 79-82
Author:
Childs, Breta W.
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
The spring manual of the United States School Garden Army
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as United States School Garden Army manual no. 5
Author:
United States. School Garden Army
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
The winter vegetable garden
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : Bureau of Education, 1915
Description:
Published as School home-garden circular 3
Author:
United States. Bureau of Education
Call Number:
Format(s):
Title:
United States School Garden Army
Publisher:
Washington, D.C. : U.S. G.P.O., 1919
Description:
Published as Bulletin (United States. Bureau of Education) 1919, no. 26
Author:
Francis, J. H.
Format(s):